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Breakfast Dietary Recommendations Grounded in Existing Social and Cultural Food Patterns

Two articles by the academicians and PhD students from Taylor’s University, Faculty of Social Sciences and Leisure Management in partnership with the Chair of “Food Studies: Food, Cultures, and Health” that jointly established by Taylor’s University, Malaysia and the University of Toulouse-Jean Jaurès, France have been recently published. They also contributed to the International Research Initiative (IBRI), a global project examining breakfast consumption and recommendations on a harmonized basis. To date, the project has been completed for two regions, namely North America, Latin America and West Europe Union.

The paper entitled “Much More Than Food: The Malaysian Breakfast, a Socio-Cultural Perspective” was published in Sustainability Journal, which studied the ethnocultural dimensions of breakfast in Malaysia. The objective was to help public health nutritionists and policymakers to consider the cultural characteristics and avoid the risk of a non‐conscious, neocolonial attitude in promoting western style breakfasts. The understanding of breakfast cultures will feed the debate around, and the progress towards sociocultural sustainable healthy diet.

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Poulain, J.‑P.; Mognard, E.; Kong, J.; Yuen, J.L.; Tibère, L.; Laporte, C.; Yang, F.‑M.; Dasgupta, A.; Nair, P.K.; Ragavan, N.A.; et al. Much More Than Food: The Malaysian Breakfast, a Socio‑Cultural Perspective. Sustainability 2023, 15, 2815

The second article entitled “Breakfast Practices in Malaysia, Nutrient Intake and Diet Quality: A Study Based on the Malaysian Food Barometer” was published in Nutrients Journal, which established the patterns of breakfast consumption in Malaysia and assessed its contribution to the overall quality of the diet based on the 24h recall data to assess breakfast intake among adults (n=1604). This study revealed that the breakfasts consumed by Malaysian adults were found to be nutritionally unbalanced. This analysis could serve as a basis for nutrient recommendations grounded in existing social and cultural breakfast patterns.

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Mognard, E.; Sanubari, T.P.E.; Alem, Y.; Yuen, J.L.; Ragavan, N.A.; Ismail, M.N.; Poulain, J.-P. Breakfast Practices in Malaysia, Nutrient Intake and Diet Quality: A Study Based on the Malaysian Food Barometer. Nutrients 2023, 15, 2197., Article 9

Both papers are based on the nationally representative Malaysian Food Barometer and illustrated the analysis of the same data from two complementary socio-anthropological and nutritional perspectives.

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